In the digital era of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), the conventional Critical Infrastructures (CIs) are transformed into smart environments with multiple benefits, such as pervasive control, self-monitoring and self-healing. However, this evolution is characterised by several cyberthreats due to the necessary presence of insecure technologies. DNP3 is an industrial communication protocol which is widely adopted in the CIs of the US. In particular, DNP3 allows the remote communication between Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA). It can support various topologies, such as Master-Slave, Multi-Drop, Hierarchical and Multiple-Server. Initially, the architectural model of DNP3 consists of three layers: (a) Application Layer, (b) Transport Layer and (c) Data Link Layer. However, DNP3 can be now incorporated into the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) stack as an application-layer protocol. However, similarly to other industrial protocols (e.g., Modbus and IEC 60870-5-104), DNP3 is characterised by severe security issues since it does not include any authentication or authorisation mechanisms. This dataset contains labelled Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) / Internet Protocol (IP) network flow statistics (Common-Separated Values – CSV format) and DNP3 flow statistics (CSV format) related to 9 DNP3 cyberattacks. These cyberattacks are focused on DNP3 unauthorised commands and Denial of Service (DoS). The network traffic data are provided through Packet Capture (PCAP) files. Consequently, this dataset can be used to implement Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered Intrusion Detection and Prevention (IDPS) systems that rely on Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) techniques.
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The users of this dataset are kindly asked to cite the following papers as follows.
- V. Kelli, P. Radoglou-Grammatikis, A. Sesis, T. Lagkas, E. Fountoukidis, E. Kafetzakis, I. Giannoulakis and P. Sarigiannidis, “Attacking and Defending DNP3 ICS/SCADA Systems”, 2022 18th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS), 2022, pp. 183-190, doi: 10.1109/DCOSS54816.2022.00041.
- V. Kelli, P. Radoglou-Grammatikis, T. Lagkas, E. K. Markakis and P. Sarigiannidis, “Risk Analysis of DNP3 Attacks”, 2022 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR), 2022, pp. 351-356, doi: 10.1109/CSR54599.2022.9850291.
- P. Radoglou-Grammatikis, P. Sarigiannidis, G. Efstathopoulos, P.-A.Karypidis, and A. Sarigiannidis, “Diderot: An intrusion detection and prevention system for dnp3-based scada systems”, in Proceedings of the15th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ser. ARES ’20.New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery, 2020, doi: 10.1145/3407023.3409314.